The nervous system of the head, neck and torso, in Nevrologie. Dissection by Ludovic Hirschfeld, drawing by Jean Baptiste François Léveillé, lithograph by Lemercier, published Paris, 1853.
The realism of this hand-coloured printed lithograph is startling.
Lithographs are made by printing from a drawing made in greasy crayon on a stone plate, giving a distinctive textured effect. Here, the grey tone of the print has been overlaid with colour by hand, creating a vivid three-dimensional effect.
Clearly visible are the dissection hooks, used here to hold back the tissue of the lungs to reveal the heart beneath. Including the instruments of dissection in an anatomical image is one way to demonstrate its authenticity, by showing that the author and artist have seen dissections themselves.
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